It is paramount that children's health is safeguarded and improved as much as possible. Over the last few decades, children's survival, nutrition, and education have improved considerably . However, there is still much work to enhance children's health outcomes . The world is confronted with a dual mandate. More than 50 percent of deaths are caused by diseases that could be readily prevented or cured if children had better health care and a better quality of life . Currently, no country provides the conditions that allow every child to develop and have assured access to healthcare. Climate change, pollution, harmful diet and lifestyle, violence, war, migration, and inequality all pose new hazards to children (ages 0 to 18) . Their existence is in jeopardy, and immediate action is required to combat these threats. Children must also be provided with a stable environment to develop, including access to optimum health care, adequate nutrition, protection from risks, and the opportunity to learn and grow. It is cardinal that nations invest in children to sustain economic growth and secure their future .
This article will emphasize an excellent Child health' e-learning programme devised to assist healthcare professionals to understand the principles of children's health, its dimensions, and real-life application.
Child Health From A Global Perspective
Many countries have made considerable progress in improving health and lowering the death rate of young children during the last many decades . Recent studies show that under-5 children mortality has been cut in half between 2000 and 2017, and more moms and children are alive today than ever before . A decrease in infectious diseases has resulted in a reduction in mortality among older children aged 5-9years by 61 percent compared to results in 1990 . The primary causes of death among children (5-9years) are injuries (particularly road traffic accidents and drowning) . However, a lot of challenges remain. Research conducted in 2019 by the World Health Organization reveals that about 5.2 million children aged between 0-5 years died in 2019 . 1.5 million of these deaths occurred in children aged 1 to 11 months, whereas 1.3 million occurred in children aged 1 to 4 years . While an estimated 2.4 million neonatal deaths were recorded. Also, about 500,000 cases of mortality among children aged 5-9 were recorded in 2019 . The majority of the cases of death might have been avoided or treated . Birth asphyxia, preterm birth complications, pneumonia, birth trauma, congenital defects, diarrhoea, and malaria are the principal causes of death in children under five . When needed, these conditions can be prevented or treated with access to simple, affordable interventions such as immunization, adequate nutrition, safe water and food, and quality care by a trained health provider.
Cardinal Risk To Children's Health
Children's health is hampered by varying prevalent and emerging hazards. From a global perspective, Infections such as pneumonia, diarrhoea, malaria, birth asphyxia, preterm birth, birth trauma, and congenital malformations continue to be the primary causes of death for children under the age of five around the world. Many young lives can be saved if they have access to basic measures, including skillful birth attendants at delivery, postnatal care, breastfeeding, proper nutrition, vaccines, and treatment for common childhood diseases. Children who are malnourished, especially those who are severely malnourished, have an increased chance of dying from common childhood infections such as diarrhoea, malaria, and pneumonia. Nutritional problems are responsible for roughly 45 percent of mortality in children under five . The trend of mortality and morbidity in older children follows the underlying susceptibility profile of this age group. There is a shift away from childhood infectious diseases and accidents and injuries, particularly drowning and road traffic accidents. The surge in injury mortality has altered the character of therapies to improve the survival of older children. The goal of achieving and maintaining a healthy childhood is not limited to the health sector. Collaboration among different sectors such as education, health, transportation and road infrastructure, water and sanitation, and law enforcement is needed to ensure a healthy childhood and prevent early death in older children . Asides from these cardinal threats, many emerging threats derail and impede attaining optimum health for children. These new threats include;
- Environmental risks like climate change, immigration, environmental pollution, and food insecurity threaten the health of millions of children globally.
- Overnutrition, Childhood obesity, and noninfectious diseases have become increasingly prevalent. Childhood obesity has become one of the twenty-first century's most critical public health issues. Research shows that obese children and adolescents have increased more than tenfold from 11 million in 1975 to 124 million in 2016 .
It is pertinent that these threats to children's health be resolved urgently. This high-quality Healthy Child programme was designed to help health workers understand the threats to children’s health and how to fix them in their respective capacities.
A Comprehensive E-learning Programme on Children's Health
The Healthy Child Programme is an excellent educational resource for nurses who work with children under five. This programme is suited for health workers who care for children, regardless of their location. The programme was designed by a team of world-renown medical authors from various healthcare professions in the United Kingdom. The e-learning programme covers a wide range of subjects, including; typical health troubles in children, health promotion, effective parenting, development, behaviour, etc.
The programme is very engaging. It has loads of animations, movies, case studies, and questions to inspire reflective thinking and enhance your learning. The course content is available online and can be used with the other Healthy Child 0-18 Series programmes and the Adolescent Health Programme.
To learn more about this fantastic e-learning healthy child programme, visit our website https://www.healthcarelink.com.au/cpd/listing/healthy-child-programme-hcp-for-allied-health /9554.
- “Child Health.” World Health Organization, World Health Organization, https://www.who.int/health-topics/child-health#tab=tab_1.
- “Newborns: Improving Survival and Well-Being.” World Health Organization, World Health Organization, https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/newborns-reducing-mortality.
- “Children: New Threats to Health.” World Health Organization, World Health Organization, https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/children-new-threats-to-health.
- “Health.” UNICEF, https://www.unicef.org/health.