114173 - How to Treat quiz: Managing essential hypertension
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How to Treat quiz: HypertensionRelevance to General Practice
The direct and linear relationship between hypertension and morbid events indicates that high BP is a treatable condition and is a valid therapeutic target.
Hypertension leads to myocardial infarction, heart failure, chronic kidney disease, ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke, dementia, and premature death, principally through vascular damage and premature atherothrombosis, among other pathological effects.
The relationship between these maladies and hypertension is continuous and lowering BP leads to reduced cardiovascular events. The concept of ‘lower is better’ has been challenged by the mixed results of recent trials of treating to lower levels of BP.