143830 - check, unit 555, Immunology, November 2018
- : Online
This edition of check focuses on the assessment and management of presentations related to immunology in general practice.Relevance to General Practice
Approximately 5% of the Australian population is affected by an autoimmune disease, and almost 20% has some form of allergic disease. The prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus in Australia ranges from 19 to 92 per 100 000 people. Properly managed, the 10-year survival rate for this autoimmune disease is just over 90%. Inflammatory bowel disease affects approximately one in 250 Australians aged between five and 49 years. Food allergies affect approximately 10% of infants aged one year, and anaphylaxis-related hospital admissions caused by food allergies are rapidly increasing, with a 350% increase seen between 1997 and 2005. In the past decade, the goal of harnessing the the immune system for the direct targeting of cancers has become a reality. Long-term disease control is achieved in 15–20% of patients with cancer who are treated with checkpoint inhibitors.
References on file.