154009 - AJGP Clinical Challenge April 2019: Respiratory tract and sleep disorders
- : Online
To provide guidance for the general practitioner in the management of respiratory tract and sleep disorders.Relevance to General Practice
Sleep disorders are a common presentation in western society. It is estimated that 11.3% of adults have insomnia disorder, and approximately a third have insomnia symptoms but do not meet full diagnostic criteria. Insomnia is more common in women and young adults. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is another common sleep-related condition, affecting up to 9% of women and 24% of men. Other figures suggest that prevalence may be up to 38% in some populations. Another form of airflow blockage encountered by general practitioners is airway foreign bodies (AFB), with 80% of cases occurring in children under the age of three years. Almost half of patients who present with an AFB are asymptomatic, reinforcing the importance of history in evaluating patients for AFB. Difficult-to-treat and severe asthma are also common respiratory presentations, occurring in 15% and 3–10% of people with asthma, respectively.
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