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Antibiotic use in children with acute otitis media

  • : Online

This activity is designed to highlight the magnitude of the problem of antibiotic overuse in children in Australia, outline the adverse effects of overuse of antibiotics for individuals and the community, and provide evidence-based management strategies for the management of AOM in children.

Relevance to General Practice

Australia has one of the highest rates of antibiotic exposure in the world, and antibiotic prescription rates have increased by 230% over the last decade. Australian children are exposed to considerably more antibiotics than the majority of their counterparts in other high-income countries, including for the treatment of AOM. However, for many children with AOM, antibiotics are not indicated.

The high rate of antibiotic exposure is of concern given increasing antimicrobial resistance and the putative association with chronic diseases, including asthma and childhood obesity. Understanding the extent and risk factors associated with antibiotic exposure may inform strategies to reduce inappropriate prescribing, especially in populations with the highest prescription rates. Improving antibiotic use in children, particularly minimising their use for URTIs, should be a priority for action as intervening in children has the potential to make a sustained improvement in practice over time.

Learning outcomes
  • Outline the magnitude of the problem of antibiotic overuse in children in Australia
  • Describe the adverse effects of overuse of antibiotics for individuals and the community
  • Summarise evidence-based management of acute otitis media in children.
  • Domains of General Practice

    D1. Communication skills and the patient-doctor relationship

    • Communication with family, carers and others involved in the care of the patient is appropriate and clear

    D2. Applied professional knowledge and skills

    • The conduct of the consultation is appropriate to the needs of the patient and the sociocultural context

    D3. Population health and the context of general practice

    • The patterns and prevalence of disease are incorporated into screening and management practices

    D4. Professional and ethical role

    • Duty of care is maintained

    D5. Organisational and legal dimensions

    Curriculum Contextual Units
    • Children and young people health
    • Ear and nose medicine
    Delivery
    Title
    Antibiotic use in children with acute otitis media
    Location
    Provider Type
    Education Provider
    Duration
    1 hr
    Start Date
    01-Jan-2020
    End Date
    31-Dec-2022
    CPD Points
    2 cpd
    Price
    0.00
    Location
    Online
    Contact Phone
    Log in into view this field.
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