Breaking Point: Ice & Methamphetamine
- : Melbourne VIC 3000
Ice and methamphetamine have become significant drugs of concern for nurses and other health professionals. These concerns are not just related to health issues but also extend to personal protection and other significant social impacts. Attend this conference to be informed about the evidence and the facts underpinning these drugs. Includes:
- A personal story of addiction and recovery
- What are ice and meth?
- What are the signs and symptoms of use?
- Is it possible to be a recreational user without becoming addicted?
- Is recovery in the long term possible without medical intervention?
- How is withdrawal managed?
- What are the correct referral mechanisms to align your healthcare with Statewide strategies?
8:30AM REGISTRATION FOR DAY ONE
Stuart FentonMy Experience - A Personal Story Of Addiction and Recovery
The experience of ice and methamphetamine use is life-changing and commonly results in addiction. The journey off the substance is complex but possible. This introductory session tells the story of a personal journey from recreational drug taking to full-blown addiction and eventual rehabilitation. In-so-doing, it reveals what is involved in withdrawal from ice use and the type of support a person is likely to need along this journey.
- Getting ‘hooked’ on a drug - an incremental decline
- Accepting the fact that you are an addict
- Getting off meth - a different process to heroin withdrawal
- How long did it take for sustained withdrawal and what happened in this process?
- What support was required?
- What continue care is needed after the withdrawal process, to sustain abstinence?
Dr Martin JacksonShard, Meth, Crystal - Effects Of Ice On The Brain and Body
There has never been a street drug quite like ice and meth. The physiological implications for health are stark. This session will look in detail at how ice and methamphetamine are believed to affect the adult brain. It will look at the impact that the drug has on brain physiology and how this affects behaviour and systemic function. It also looks at the prognosis and the long term consequences of occasional as well as frequent use. Includes:
- What are meth and ice and why are these substances so addictive?
- What are the physiological effects on the body?
- How do ice and methamphetamine alter behaviour?
- Are there brain changes that occur and if so are they temporary or permanent?
- Can the brain recover?
11:00 MORNING TEA
Geoff AhernInsights Into The Psychological Effects Of Ice and Meth
Ice/methamphetamine are psychoactive drugs and as such have an impact on brain function. Although this differs between individuals they can cause effects such as depression and even profound psychosis. This session looks at the types of mental health dysfunctions that result from the drug’s use. Includes:
- What are the symptoms of psychosis?
- Who are most at risk for developing psychosis?
- What interventions are required during a psychotic episode?
- Does the psychosis automatically resolve when the drugs are withdrawn?
- Can the use of ice/meth trigger schizophrenia?
- When are people most at risk for developing feelings of depression?
Stephanie FryManaging People Affected By Ice In ED - A Nursing Perspective
While alcohol remains the substance most commonly seen in alcohol and other drug-related presentations to the emergency department, there is a need to understand how nurses can improve outcomes for those affected by crystal methamphetamine. This session will provide an overview of the important nursing considerations relating to crystal methamphetamine use in emergency departments. Includes:
- Why may a person affected by Ice present to ED?
- What are the signs and symptoms of crystal methamphetamine use?
- Nursing assessment and management considerations of a patient affected by crystal methamphetamine
- The importance of brief interventions and correct referral mechanisms - example of a pilot program that is making a difference
1:00PM LUNCH BREAK
Lyn BillingtonSafe Use Of Sedatives
Illicit drug use and abuse is bringing more and more people into Emergency Departments all over Australia. The reason for the presentation is often varied and may be traumatic for the person and staff members such as nurses who are often the first person to assess the person. Acute severe behavioural disturbance as a result of crystal methamphetamine use calls for an organised management approach, with sedation forming a large aspect of this. As such, this session aims to review the following:
- Why are amphetamine-type substances a cause of such high agitation?
- Assessing sedative requirements in patients with acute severe behavioural disturbance relating to methamphetamine use
- Safety with sedatives - prescribing, administering and deprescribing as per guidelines
- Potential side effects of sedatives and how these may be averted
3:00 AFTERNOON TEA
Craig MaloneySafety When Dealing With People On ICE
Any person affected by illicit drugs may behave irrationally and could be a danger to themselves and others. All health professionals must be alert to the risks associated with these potential harms. This final session of day one discusses and demonstrates practical de-escalation techniques to defuse violent behaviour. Includes:
- What are the physical cues that suggest someone may be affected by crystal methamphetamine (ICE)?
- How do you protect:
- The person
- The public
- How to de-escalate and defuse the situation
- Body language and personal safety to stay safe and reduce need for chemical and physical restraints
4:30 CLOSE OF DAY ONE OF PROGRAM
9:00AM COMMENCEMENT OF DAY TWO
Dr Jhodie DuncanThe Impact Of Ice and Methamphetamine On The Unborn Baby
As a side effect of ice is a heightened level of sexual behaviour, it is likely that more babies will be born who are addicted to the drug. Compounding this is the fact that other toxins, such as cigarette smoke, are also known to have a significant effect on the embryo. This can cause untold damage to the unborn baby, as research indicates meth addicts are likely to be heavy smokers. This session asks:
- What is known about the impact of ice on the unborn baby?
- How is this likely to affect their long term function?
- What impact do other toxins have on the baby?
- What does this all mean for prognosis?
- Is there any literature that may assist clinicians to avert these effects?
Sandra Simpson“I’m Not An Addict” - Moving From Denial To Action
The portrayal of ice/methamphetamine use in society can create a sense of denial about the possibility that recovery is possible. The psychology involved in making the decision to stop using drugs can be a very tumultuous and difficult process. However, understanding the trajectory of use of a particular client means that practical interventions offered are likely to resonate with the client and may initiate change. This session will consider:
- Why is it vital to understand one’s trajectory of use?
- How may clients with different ages, demographics and who are at different stages of use respond to interventions?
- Practical advice on how to tailor interventions, appropriate referrals and linking of services to the client’s stage to maximise engagement
- How can we as health professionals manage our own frustration if our desire for action is not achieved?
11:00 MORNING TEA
Helen O’NeilWithdrawal - Principles and Process
Successful long term withdrawal from methamphetamine use is possible. However, it may take several attempts before it is achieved. This session looks at the multifactorial nature of withdrawal and includes:
- Is there a difference between withdrawal for recreational users versus those who are dependent on the drugs?
- How to manage concurrent withdrawal from amphetamines and other substances e.g. benzodiazepines
- What does evidence tell us works best?
- Managing post-withdrawal depression and relapse
12:30PM LUNCH BREAK
Craig MaloneyThe Impact of ‘Using’ on Interpersonal Relationships - Supporting Families
The impact of ice/meth use is now well known to have a disruptive impact within communities. This can range from being antisocial, including aggressive outbursts, hostility and violence, to highly sexualised behaviours and financial problems. This session looks at:
- What can nurses do if they suspect a person is at risk due to ice/meth use?
- What are the implications for children living in chaotic and violent families?
- How can you assist families to be prepared for the serious consequences that may arise as a result of the drug use?
- Statewide strategies and useful information for appropriate referrals
Leading Senior Constable Janie LambertCreating Safer Communities - The Role Of Victoria Police
Harm minimisation is an important concept that underpins National approaches to averting the detrimental effects associated with illicit drug use. Stopping the supply and demand for crystal methamphetamine is a current force-wide strategy of Victoria Police. As well as crime prevention, education and aversion of early offenders is crucial to supporting rehabilitation. This session reveals:
- Supply reduction - how is Victoria Police tackling supply?
- Demand disruption - what methods work to decrease demand?
- Education for early offenders - what works?
- Are there any unanticipated effects of these approaches?
- How do current national approaches support these principles?
- Practical support Victoria Police can offer to nurses and other health professionals working on the front line
3:15 AFTERNOON TEA
Crios O'MahonyHarm Reduction and Healing
Harm reduction is a widely accepted and long standing principle that acknowledges that preventing all people from taking drugs is not achievable. Instead, there is the potential to improve health outcomes for people taking drugs by assisting them to maintain health and prevent complications of ‘using’. This final session will take you through a range of practical evidence-based strategies relating to harm reduction for those affected by ice and methamphetamine. Includes:
- How does a rational, integrated approach to harm minimisation work to reduce death, disease and social problems?
- How can nurses and other front-line workers respond effectively to the needs of those with problematic ice and methamphetamine use?
- How to establish a good professional relationship with a person who uses ice
- The role of needle and syringe programs (NSPs)
- Is there any merit in encouraging users to smoke rather than inject?
- How to refer and what resources are available?
4:30 CLOSE OF DAY TWO OF PROGRAM
The Goal Need for Program
Ice is a growing concern for Australian nurses and other healthcare professionals. It is destructive for health, families and communities, and creates a raft of medical, psychological and social problems. Nurses and other health professionals are increasingly exposed to people who are affected by this drug, but often without really understanding the health issues involved. It is important that nurses have access to correct evidence-based information about these substances and the management of those affected by them.Purpose of Program
The purpose of this conference is to inform nurses and other professionals about the illicit drugs ice and methamphetamine, including their effects on people, the community and how recovery can be achieved.Your learning outcomes:
Use evidence-based knowledge about ice/methamphetamine so as to create a safe environment for all concerned
Understand the ramifications of ice/methamphetamine use in the community and how to implement methods of harm reduction in your health setting
Know the principles of rehabilitation and recovery and apply evidence-based approaches to assist sustained abstinence
Refer people using ice/methamphetamine appropriately and align your healthcare with statewide strategiesPresenters
Stuart Fenton is a clinical psychotherapist and counsellor and also a recovered drug addict whose primary drug of choice was ... Read More
Sandra Simpson is the Workforce Development - Senior Project Officer at The Penington Institute. Sandra has worked in the health ... Read More
Craig Maloney has an impressive background which includes a Master of Mental Health Nursing and graduate qualifications in Occupational Health ... Read More
Dr Martin Jackson has worked as a Clinical Neuropsychologist for 30 years in acute hospitals, rehabilitation and community settings, as ... Read More
Geoffrey Ahern is a Senior Mental Health Clinician from Melbourne, who works with Victorian Police on a specialised mental health ... Read More
Lyn’s extensive career as a pharmacist has included many years working in the former Hobson Park Psychiatric Hospital in Gippsland. ... Read More
Helen O’Neill is the Clinical Nurse Consultant with the Department of Addiction Medicine at St Vincent’s Hospital Melbourne. Helen has ...Read More
Janie Lambert is a Leading Senior Constable and Crime Prevention Officer at Melbourne West Police Station. In this role for ... Read More
Crios O’Mahony has worked with alcohol and other drug users for over 20 years in the UK and Australia. In ... Read More
Stephanie Fry is a Registered Nurse and working in a large public Emergency Department in Melbourne. She is also an ...Read More
Dr. Jhodie Duncan is currently working in the field of addiction neuroscience investigating the long-term effects of inhalant abuse, a ...Read More