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Croup

Speciality Classification
Pharmacists
Location
Online
Delivery
Online
Duration
45 minutes
Provider
Pharmaceutical Society of Australia

To educate pharmacists about croup, a common cause of airway obstruction in young children.

Inflammatory condition of upper airway explained

Why is this important?

Croup (acute laryngotracheobronchitis) is an inflammatory condition of the upper airway, larynx and trachea – usually triggered by a viral infection. The illness is mostly mild and self-limiting but uncommonly can be severe; even life-threatening. It is a common cause of airway obstruction in young children.

Diagnosed clinically, croup is characterised by a distinctive barking cough that may be accompanied by inspiratory stridor, widespread wheeze and a hoarse voice, with or without respiratory distress. Parents, carers and treating health professionals need to keep a child with croup calm, as distress (e.g. during examination) can worsen symptoms.

Symptoms of croup usually occur at night and may disappear during the day. They are often preceded by symptoms of an upper respiratory infection (URTI) such as rhinitis or fever,4 and similarly, croup is more common in winter. Most infections resolve in 3-4 days without treatment.

Croup is one of the more common childhood respiratory illnesses1 and appears to be more prevalent in boys.3 It mostly affects children between the ages of 6 months and 6 years and has an estimated incidence of up to 1 in 50 children in the first year of life.

What is your role as a pharmacist?

Pharmacists are in a prime position to provide reassurance, management advice and support to parents and carers of young children suffering from this distressing condition. They can advise parents to keep the child calm and provide recommendations on what may and may not be beneficial. Pharmacists must also be alert for red flag symptoms that require medical referral.

What’s in it for you?

Pharmacists completing this article and associated MCQs will be able to educate and inform pharmacists about croup, management options and when referral is appropriate.

Learning Objectives

After reading this article, the pharmacist should be able to:

  • Describe the symptoms of croup
  • Discuss the management of croup
  • Explain the role of the pharmacist in the management of children with croup.

CPD Credits

Accreditation Code:  CAP2106OTCAW

Group 1:  0.75

Group 2:  1.50

This activity has been accredited for 0.75 hours of Group 1 CPD (or 0.75 CPD credits) suitable for inclusion in an individual pharmacist’s CPD plan, which can be converted to 0.75 hours of Group 2 CPD (or 1.5 CPD credits) upon successful completion of relevant assessment activities.

Delivery
Title
Croup
Speciality Classification
Location
Provider Type
Education Provider
Duration
45 minutes
CPD Points
Group 1 CPD (or 0.75 CPD credits), Group 2 CPD (or 1.5 CPD credits)
Price
Free
Price Details
Exclusive to Members
Location
Online
Price:
Free
Exclusive to Members
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