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The Development of the Normal Occlusion - Primary, Mixed and Permanent course for Dental Practice

Speciality Classification
Oral Health
Time / Duration
20 minutes
Subject matter expert
eLearning for Healthcare
Endorsed By
Faculty of Dental Surgery

This session describes the normal chronology and sequence of tooth eruption, exfoliation of the primary teeth and characteristic occlusal features of the primary, mixed and permanent dentitions.

Learning Objectives

By the end of this session you will be able to:

  • Cite the eruption dates for primary and permanent teeth
  • Explain the biological mechanisms involved in physiological exfoliation of primary teeth
  • Describe the key occlusal features of the primary, mixed and permanent dentition in children and young people

One of the challenges of holistic dental care provision for children and adolescents is the need to be vigilant in monitoring growth and development. It is imperative that the clinician has a clear understanding of what constitutes normal occlusal development, so that any deviation from this can be promptly identified and managed.

Entry Requirements / Prerequisites

Before commencing this session you should:

  • Refresh your undergraduate knowledge of tooth development and eruption
  • Ensure you remember the terminology used to describe occlusal features (overjet, overbite, incisor and molar relationships) from your undergraduate curriculum
Instructors / Speakers
Helen Rodd,
Professor of Paediatric Dentistry/Honorary Consultant and Head of Oral Health and Development, School of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, UK

Professor Helen Rodd qualified at Bristol University in 1988 and then completed three years of general professional training. She completed specialist training in paediatric dentistry in Sheffield in 1997 before undertaking three years of full-time research as an MRC research fellow. Helen was awarded her PhD in 2000 and was made a senior lecturer/honorary consultant at Sheffield Dental School in 2002. She was appointed Professor in 2006.

Helen’s main area of research interest to date has focused on the innervation and inflammation of human primary and permanent teeth. This has involved largely laboratory-based enquiry. More recently she has been undertaking multidisciplinary studies with colleagues in the social sciences to gain an insight into the impact of dental conditions and related treatment in children and young people. This work has involved a range of child-centred methodologies.

Helen has held a number of national and international roles including Editor of the International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry; Member of the Specialist Advisory Committee in Paediatric Dentistry; Examiner for the ISFE in paediatric dentistry, President of the British Society of Paediatric Dentistry, and Chairman of the scientific committee of the 2015 meeting of the International Association of Paediatric Dentistry.

The Development of the Normal Occlusion - Primary, Mixed and Permanent course for Dental Practice
Speciality Classification
Interest Areas / Topics Covered
Dental, -- DENTAL --
Provider Type
Education Provider
Time / Duration
20 minutes
Access Duration (in months)
Modules this course belongs to
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