143724 - Antibiotic use in children with acute otitis media
This activity is designed to highlight the magnitude of the problem of antibiotic overuse in children in Australia, outline the adverse effects of overuse of antibiotics for individuals and the community, and provide evidence-based management strategies for the management of AOM in children.
Tempo activities are designed as quick, 30 minute activities (when both the Overview and Interactive activity are completed) but recognise the additional effort GPs undertake when utilising the supplemental resources provided. Hence, this activity has been approved by the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) Quality Improvement and Continuing Professional Development (QI&CPD) Program for 2 Category 2 points in the 2017–2019 triennium.
Australia has one of the highest rates of antibiotic exposures in the world, and antibiotic prescription rates have increased by 230% over the last decade. Australian children are exposed to considerably more antibiotics than the majority of their counterparts in other high-income countries, including for the treatment of AOM. However, for many children with AOM, antibiotics are not indicated.
Understanding the extent and risk factors associated with antibiotic exposure may inform strategies to reduce inappropriate prescribing, especially in populations with the highest prescription rates. Improving antibiotic use in children should be a priority for action as intervening in children has the potential to make a sustained improvement in practice over time. GPs can play a pivotal role in educating children and their parents about the appropriate place of antibiotics for AOM.