Psychiatrists are medical doctors who evaluate, treat and prevent mental, emotional and behavioural problems in children and adults. Twenty-first century psychiatry has grown to encompass at least a dozen sub-specialities. Click here to get more information about the mission, responsibilities and qualifications of a psychiatrist.
Neuropsychiatry is often described as the interface between psychiatry and neurology. Those involved in the discipline study the behavioral or psychological difficulties associated with neurological conditions such as epilepsy, head injury, attention deficit disorder, dementia, tardive dyskinesia, irritability and another organic mental disorder.
Neuropsychiatry generally concentrates on abnormalities in areas of higher brain function such as the cerebral cortex and limbic system. Neuropsychiatrists often deal with difficult-to-treat psychological or psychiatric conditions, including problems relating to medications.
Neuropsychiatry involves the “neurological aspects of psychiatry and the psychiatric aspects of neurology.”
Neuropsychiatry is often used synonymously with behavioral neurology, which is the medical subspecialty relating to the assessment and management of higher brain functions (ie, the cerebral cortex and limbic system).