Surgeons are physicians who specialise in performing operations on patients to treat illnesses, injuries and congenital deformities. Surgery has become so specialised over the last few years that eleven surgical subspecialities are recognised by the Royal Australian College of Surgeons. Learn more about the qualifications and job duties of a surgeon here.
Orthopaedics is the medical speciality relating to the diagnosis, care, and treatment of patients with disorders of the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves, and skin. The doctors that treat conditions relating to these areas are called orthopaedists or orthopaedic surgeons.
These medical professionals apply medical, physical, and rehabilitative methods in addition to surgery.
Orthopaedic surgeons typically work as part of a team with other health care professionals and often consult other physicians.
While many orthopaedists are involved in treating rheumatological conditions, most orthopaedic surgeons work with the organisation and delivery of emergency care. They are important members of the healthcare teams that manage complex, multi-system trauma.
Orthopaedic surgeons treat diseases and conditions including: