87271 - How to Treat quiz: Thyroid nodules
- : Online
Thyroid nodules are common and are found in 5-10% of the female adult population and 1-2% of the male adult population on clinical palpation. However, if ultrasound is used as a screening tool, they are even more common, being found in up to 70% of the elderly female population. The vast majority of ultrasound-detected abnormalities are simply colloid nodules, either solitary or part of a multinodular goitre. Most of these are asymptomatic and do not require any treatment.
The major challenge with thyroid nodules, therefore, is to determine which ones actually need treatment and which (the vast majority) can be left alone. Thyroid cancer has, up until now, been considered a rare disorder, although over the past few years, there has been a dramatic increase in cases worldwide, with a tripling of incidence in the US