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Medical Introduction

Speciality Classification
Medical Doctors
Time / Duration
1 hour
BloodSafe eLearning Australia

About this course

This introductory course will help you understand and apply the principles of blood management to the care of patients with medical conditions.

On completion of this course you will be able to:

  • explain the causes of anaemia in medical patients and outline the approach to assessment and management, including ensuring that iron stores are adequate
  • recognise the risks of bleeding in medical patients, and outline strategies to minimise blood loss and their application in clinical practice
  • describe strategies which can help to optimise the medical patient’s tolerance to anaemia, and the consensus guidance which should be used when transfusion cannot be avoided.

This PBM introductory course is a foundational course to a suite of courses on blood management in medical patients. It is recommended that when you have completed this course you also undertake one of the medical speciality courses relevant to your area of practice:

  • Cancer
  • Cardiac
  • Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Chronic Transfusion
  • Gastrointestinal

This course is designed for healthcare professionals – primarily nurses and doctors – caring for patients with medical conditions.

It is based on the Australian Patient Blood Management Guidelines: Module 3 Medical, other clinical guidelines, evidence-based material and/or expert consensus opinion, and has been developed in collaboration with leading transfusion medicine experts in Australia. It is regularly updated as changes to guidelines or accepted practice occurs.

Estimated time to complete the course: One hour.

Course released/updated: April 2015.

BloodSafe eLearning Australia receives joint national funding provided by the National Blood Authority, on behalf of all Australian Governments, to enable free access by all users.



This course has a multiple-choice online assessment at the end of the course. In order to receive a Certificate of Completion you must:

  • answer every question. You are allowed two attempts at each question
  • achieve an overall grade of at least 80%
  • complete all assessment within three months. If not, then you will need to repeat all assessment.

If you don’t pass the assessment it is recommended you review the course content before attempting the assessment again. Each assessment attempt may have different questions.

A Certificate of Completion will be automatically sent to your registered email address after you have successfully completed all assessment. You can also see a summary of all your courses in your Transcript.


Development team

Clinical leads

Dr Amanda Thomson
Trudi Verrall
Louise English

Thanks and appreciation

BloodSafe eLearning Australia thank those who willingly gave their time during the development process.

Expert reviewers: Angie Dalli, Dr Sandy Minck, Penny O’Beid, Dr Melanie Wroth

Expert interviews: Professor Jane Andrews, Dr Ben Saxon

Expert assistance and advice: Dr Colin Story

Location photography: Pharmacy Department, Royal Adelaide Hospital

Production Team

Digital Media Unit: Peter Bailes, Andrew Dunn, Chris Faulkner, Caroline Gliddon, Helen Snoswell, Kristin Stone
Photography: Chris Sprod
Video production: Greg Opie
BloodSafe eLearning Australia: Tracey Clark, Leonie Lower, Michele Wood

Modules / Topics

Modulle 1: Introduction

Module 2: Considering PBM for Medical Patients

Module 3: Optimising red cell mass

  • Recognising the impact of anaemia
  • Understanding causes of anaemia
  • Recognising the importance of iron
  • Identifying causes of anaemia
  • Investigating anaemia
  • Assessing iron status
  • Other tests, investigations and referrals
  • Treating anaemia
  • Treating anaemia – IV iron
  • Treating anaemia – ESA

Module 4: Minimising blood loss

  • Assessing bleeding risk
  • Managing medications that increase bleeding risk
  • Assessing and managing bleeding
  • Reducing iatrogenic blood loss

Module 5: Managing tolorance of haematological deficiencies

  • Managing tolerance of anaemia
  • Decision making for red cells
  • Decision making for other blood components
  • Transfusion decision-making case studies

Module 6: Summary of key messages

Module 7: Assessment

Medical Introduction
Speciality Classification
Provider Type
Education Provider
Time / Duration
1 hour
CPD Points
1 hour
Price Details
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