The Blood Conference
- : Brisbane City QLD 4000
Attend this two-day conference to refresh your knowledge on blood - the sustainer of life. Review the role of blood and its components and consider clinical implications for common disorders. Includes:
- Practical tips on how to take blood
- A guide to interpreting pathology results
- ‘The Clotting Cascade’ - understanding coagulation
- Cancers of the blood and other haematology disorders
- Smart and safe use of a precious resource
- Blood-borne infectious diseases: protecting yourself at work
- ‘Stop the Clot’ - DVT/PE prophylaxis and much, much more
8:30AM REGISTRATION FOR DAY ONE
CHAIRPERSON: JO READING
8:55Welcome and Introductory Comments
Bronwyn PearseThe Three Pillars of Patient Blood Management
Patient Blood Management (PBM) aims to improve patient outcomes. Three pillars guide best practice by improving the patient’s management across the medical and surgical settings. This introductory session will set the scene for the conference by looking at the three pillars of patient blood management across the pre-, intra- and postoperative phases. Includes:
- Optimising red blood cell (RBC) mass
- Minimising blood loss
- Managing anaemia
Bronwyn Pearse‘Fuel for Life’ - Physiology Review of the Blood
Why is blood so crucial to sustaining life? What do we now know about blood and what it actually does? This session will review:
- What are the principles of blood volume, tissue oxygenation and cardiac output?
- What are the components of the blood and their relevant roles in humans and in blood products?
- ABO: blood groups revisited
- How does our blood differ to blood products?
- Is there any emerging new knowledge of blood function?
Debbie Rigby'Blood Thinners and Clot Busters’ - Food, Drug and Complementary Medicine Interactions
Medicines that affect the blood are frequently administered by nurses. Understanding the mechanism of these regularly used medicines is essential. In particular, understanding the potential for serious food, drug and complementary medicine interactions is paramount if nurses are to improve patient outcomes and prevent adverse drug reactions. This session will review some important clinical considerations, with a focus on common drug, food and complementary medicine interactions associated with these medicines. Includes:
- Warfarin - dangerous interactions you must be aware of
- Anti-platelet agents - what interactions are most serious?
- What about new oral anticoagulants (NOACs)?
11:00 MORNING TEA
Izabella KovacsHit that Vein: A Guide to Drawing Blood Correctly
Venepuncture is the collection of blood from a vein. This practical session will arm you with tricks of the trade to improve your technique of this tough skill to master. Includes:
- Review of the anatomy of veins
- Best sites for venepuncture
- Veins to avoid
- Step-by-step: best practice technique
Bronwyn PearsePathology of Blood - More than Just Than Tubes and Tests
‘Sending off bloods’ is a common task of the nurse. A blood tube is filled up, ‘sent off’, then appears as a set of results on a piece of paper shortly afterwards. This session aims to bring nurses up to date on what actually happens when ‘bloods are taken’. Includes:
- Indications for taking bloods
- Review of commonly ordered blood tests (APTT, INR, FBE)
- Drawing order: why does this matter?
- What is the role of point of care coagulation testing?
1:00PM LUNCH BREAK
Jo ReadingThe Clotting Cascade: Understanding Coagulation
Coagulation is a very complex process by which blood clots. How does this actually happen and why is this so important? This interactive session will help you to understand the series of events that are fundamental to the body’s ability to clot.
Jo ReadingStop the Clot: Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) Update
For any person that is hospitalised, the risk of VTE is elevated. A common type of venous thrombosis is a deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a blood clot in the deep veins of the leg. If the thrombus embolises and travels to the lungs the risk of pulmonary embolus (PE) - which can be life-threatening - is significant. Nurses are at the forefront of VTE prevention throughout the patient journey. This session will focus on the prevention of VTE and the nursing management of VTE. Includes:
- Overview of Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention of VTE
- Who should we be most worried about?
- Recognising the signs and symptoms of a DVT and PE
- Evidence for mechanical VTE prophylaxis: eg. anti-embolism stockings and sequential compression devices
3:15 AFTERNOON TEA
Izabella KovacsCancer Emergencies: A Practical Guide
Cancer and its treatment may lead to the development of a range of potentially life-threatening conditions. This session will use case studies to provide a practical overview of a range of emergencies and their relevant interventions, that any nurse, regardless of their speciality, must be aware of. Includes:
- Metabolic emergencies
- Haematological emergencies
- Febrile neutropaenia
- Mechanical emergencies
4:30 CLOSE OF DAY ONE OF PROGRAM
9:00AM COMMENCEMENT OF DAY TWO
CHAIRPERSON: JO READING
Jo Reading"Dirty Blood?" An Evidence-Based Overview of Sepsis
Sepsis is a leading cause of death world-wide. It is a potentially life-threatening response to an infection that triggers a major inflammatory response within the body. This important session considers:
- What is the difference between systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock?
- What cases sepsis to progress into multigrain dysfunction syndrome (MODS)?
- What clinical signs may indicate that a person may be developing sepsis?
- How has the ‘Surviving Sepsis Campaign’ changed our management of sepsis?
Ivy GabatanBlood-borne Pathogens: Understanding the Risks
Despite a greater knowledge of hazards and risk management, health care workers continue to be exposed to blood and bodily fluids through needle stick injuries and other exposure incidents. This session includes:
- What blood-borne pathogens are of most concern?
- Modes of transmission - When am I actually at risk?
- Appropriate use of precautions
- What to do if you experience a needlestick or sharps injury
- Avoiding patient discrimination
10:30 MORNING TEA
Dr Treasure McGuireHormones and Haemostats - The Evidence
There is continual debate about the relationship hormones and blood clots. But what is the actual evidence? This interesting session considers the literature on this topic. Includes:
- Hormones and clots: what is the relationship?
- How does the oral contraceptive pill lead to clots?
- Is hormone replacement therapy (HRT) a risk factor even if the dose is very small?
- Risk versus benefits
Kylie HobsonAnaemia in the Pre-Operative Patient - Running on Empty
Anaemia is the most common disorder of the blood, defined as a decrease in the number or quality of red blood cells. Patients who are about to undergo surgery may require a blood transfusion pre-operatively. This session will review this common condition and look at the indications for and against this clinical practice. Includes:
- What are the clinical indicators of anaemia?
- Common types and overviews of anaemias - does this matter?
- What are the clinical indicators that may suggest a person requires a pre-operative blood transfusion?
- Anticoagulation induced bleeding and anaemia - does this affect the patient pre-operatively?
12:45PM LUNCH BREAK
Natasha KeareyTreatment of Blood Disorders with Blood Products
Blood and blood products are a crucial resource used in modern healthcare. While this precious resource can save lives, its administration is not without risks. As such, the use of blood and blood products must be safe and evidence-based. This session includes:
- How can nurses ensure safe transfusion clinical practice?
- A review of patient blood management guidelines
- Overview of Standard 7 - Blood and Blood Products
- Appropriate use of blood components: how is this achieved?
Jo ReadingREPLACE - Seven Steps to Remember During A Massive Blood Transfusion
What do I need to remember during a massive blood transfusion? Well, it's obvious isn’t it? Give blood! However, the amount of blood that a person receives during a massive blood transfusion causes a set of complications within itself that need to be addressed concurrently. An acronym, REPLACE serves to act as a reminder of the principles involved with managing a patient requiring a massive blood transfusion. This session explains the following:
- What is a massive blood transfusion?
- A rationale and an explanation behind each of the 7 management principles required during a massive blood transfusion
3:15 AFTERNOON TEA
Rachel Brough and a Blood RecipientGiving Blood - One Donation Saves 3 Lives
Did you know that when you donate blood it can be separated into its components and create up to 22 other products? This final session will share an inspirational story of what it means to truly give and receive, closing the conference on a high note.
4:15 CLOSE OF DAY TWO OF PROGRAM
The Goal Need for Program
Blood is essential to human life. However, disorders of the blood are common and manifest in a range of clinical settings. Blood and its components are a precious resource frequently administered by nurses, but this is not without risk. A conference that reviews our modern understanding of the physiology of the blood and evidence-based treatments of common disorders is timely.Purpose of Program
The purpose of this conference is provide nurses with an evidence-based update on the role of blood, its components and disorders, so as to improve patient outcomes.Your learning outcomes:
Clearly relate nursing practice to knowledge of the blood and correlate this to improved patient outcomes
Correlate the pathophysiology of a number of blood disorders to appraise the appropriateness of modern treatments
Describe how certain medicines can affect the blood and how nursing actions can minimise risk to improve patient outcomes
Implement evidence-based nursing strategies to reduce the incidence of iatrogenic venous thromboembolismsPresenters
Joanne Reading is a Critical Care Registered Nurse with extensive experience clinically managing a wide array of critically ill patients. ... Read More
Natasha Kearey currently works as the Transfusion Clinical Nurse Consultant at the Royal Brisbane & Women’s Hospital and has worked ... Read More
Kylie Hobson is a Blood Management Clinical Nurse Consultant at The Prince Charles Hospital with a focus on preoperative Anaemia ... Read More
Bronwyn Pearse is a Clinical Nurse Consultant (Blood Management) for the Anaesthesia, Surgery and Critical Care Programs at The Prince ... Read More
Debbie Rigby is a consultant clinical pharmacist from Brisbane. Since graduating with a Bachelor of Pharmacy degree from the University ... Read More
Dr Treasure McGuire is a medicines information pharmacist, pharmacologist, educator and researcher. As Assistant Director of Pharmacy, Mater Health Services, ... Read More
Izabella Kovacs is an Acting Clinical Nurse, Cancer Services at the Princess Alexandra Hospital in Brisbane. Izabella was born in ...Read More
Ivy Gabatan is concurrently a clinical nurse in the Infection Monitoring and Prevention Service at the Royal Brisbane and Women’s ...Read More
Rachel Brough is the Community Relations Officer for the Australian Red Cross Blood Service’s Brisbane Donor Centre that collects over ... Read More