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Disorders of Refraction course for GPs

Speciality Classification
General Practice ( GP ) / Family Medicine
Subject matter expert
eLearning for Healthcare
Endorsed By
RCGP, elfh, NHS

This session will provide users with knowledge about types of refractive error, contact lenses and their complications and principles of refractive surgery. An explanation of optometry referral letters is also described.

This session was reviewed by Khyati Bakhai and last updated in January 2022.

Learning objectives

By the end of this session you will be able to:

  • differentiate between myopia, hypermetropia and astigmatism
  • define presbyopia and its implications
  • list the common problems associated with contact lenses
  • describe the principles of refractive surgery
  • list types of low vision aids including magnifiers
  • describe the GOS 18 referral form used by optometrists

While refractive errors are by far the most common eye disorders faced by eye health professionals today, GPs do not often have to deal with this problem because patients seek help from an optician (optometrist).

Instructors / Speakers
Stella Hornby,
Consultant Ophthalmologist in Urgent Eye Care & Primary Care Ophthalmology

Stella Hornby is currently clinical lead for Ophthalmology and Lead for the Eye Emergency Department in Oxford Eye Hospital.

She has a special interest in emergency eye care, primary care ophthalmology, diabetic retinopathy, low vision and education and is particularly known for her skills in diagnosis and her ‘down to earth’ common sense approach to medicine.

Stella is a Partner in Primary Care Ophthalmology LLP which organises training courses for GPs. She is also Annual Primary Care Ophthalmology Conference and RCOphth representative for Map of Medicine, Primary and Community Eye Health Committee (Vision2020) and the primary care representative of the RCOphth Professional Standards Committee.

Jayesh Khistria,
Consultant Orthoptist

Jayesh Khistria has a BMed Sci in Orthoptics and an MSc in Clinical Ophthalmology. He has been a qualified Orthoptist for five years, working previously at Oxford eye Hospital and now currently as a Consultant Orthoptist at Moorfields Eye Hospital.

Disorders of Refraction course for GPs
Provider Type
Education Provider
Access Duration (in months)
Modules this course belongs to
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